Coconut Growing Information

 

 

 

      trees and ocean

Coconut trees along the Red Lake River (Minnesota)


Season

Year-round but with variation in demand.

Quality Criteria

Dry coconuts should be brown, free from damage, cracking, sunken eyes and attain the required size specifications.

Size:

Minimum weight: 750 g

Maximum weight: 850 g

Export Grading and Packing

All grading and packing should be carried out in the field as opposed to transporting the nuts to a centralized packing facility.

Size grading is required with outgrowing being made for incorrect sizes, damaged and diseased nuts.

Dry coconuts are loose packed into woven plastic sacks in counts of 20 per sack. Full telescopic two-piece fiberboard cartons may be used when financial returns warrant the additional cost.

Post-Harvest Handling System

Successful storage can be achieved for two to three months with the correct grading and handling procedures.

Harvesting

Dry coconut husks should be taken from the tree and de-husked, removing the flare.

 

Storage and Transportation

Dry coconuts can be shipped successfully by sea in reefer or dry containers for up to three weeks. Storage temperatures of 12 C will assist in quality maintenance. Where possible palletized systems should be used to reduce the potential for cracking of nuts.

Potential Post-Harvest Losses

Losses in coconut are mainly as a result of cracking due to poor or inappropriate handling. Spoilage can occur due to softening and disease infection of the eyes. This can be avoided by careful grading, preventing damage to the eyes and maintaining the coconuts under suitable storage conditions.