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Compendium of History and Biography of Polk County, Minnesota
(PDF)

Maj. R. I. Holcombe, historical editor, William H. Bingham, general editor.
With special articles by Elias Steenerson, W. E. McKenzie, N. P. Stone ... and others ...
Published Minneapolis, W. H. Bingham & co., 1916.


Authors &

contributers


ELIAS STEENERSON, W. E. MCKENZIE, N. P. STONE, EDMUND M. WALSH, JAMES M. CATHCART, CHARLES L. CONGER, PROFESSOR N. A. THORSON, C. G. SELVIG, THOMAS B. WALKER, WARREN UPHAM, E. D. CHILDS, REV. E. THEHLON, PETER ALLAN CUMMING

CONTENTS


TABLE OF CONTENTS (PDF)

 


GEOGRAPHY AND GEOLOGY OF POLK COUNTY
(PDF)

 

 


THE EARLY INDIAN INHABITANTS
(PDF)

Lack of information about the very first people of Polk County - the Mound Builders doubtless never lived here, and the mounds in the county were built by the Red Indians - the Crees were the first modern Indians to live here, although exact particulars of their occupation are not known - the Chippewa followed the Crees, fought the Sioux, and drove the majority of the latter from the Thief River country - origin of the name of Thief River - the Sioux and Chippewa battle for the Red River country - Sioux defeat at Pembina - Flat Mouth, the Chippewa chief, thwarts the treachery of Beaver, the Sioux chief, and has him murdered near East Grand Forks - Col. Robert Dickson, the Scotch trader at East Grand Forks, protests the murder and also helps the British in the war of 1812


 


THE FIRST WHITE MEN IN POLK COUNTY
(PDF)

The Norsemen who made the Kensington rune stone were first – the early white explorers - other first visitors to Minnesota -the La Verendryes discover the red river valley - first printed description of the region by a Chippewa half breed - Red Lake named from the colour of the sands -  many other early explorers.


 


FUR TRADERS THE FIRST WHITE RESIDENTS
(PDF)

The Hudson’s Bay Company - Duncan Graham comes to East Grand Forks prior to 1800 - David Thompson finds Jean Baptiste Cadott here in 1798 - the Northwest Fur Company formed and sends in traders - the Columbia and American Fur Companies.

 


EARLY AMERICAN EXPLORATIONS IN RED RIVER VALLEY
(PDF)

Major Long's expedition in 1823 - its historian describes Red Lake River as the "red fork" and notes the salt deposits of the region - Count Beltrami, of Italy, accompanies the Maj. Long expedition - describes the country, and calls the red "the bloody river" - the Selkirk settlement and its connection with the history of Polk county - Selkirk colonists were the county's first white residents - the area of the present county first purchased of the Indians by Lord Selkirk - Capt. John Pope, in 1850, recorded the fact that the colonists came to East Grand Forks between 1814 and 1820 - a few of their names

 


CHIEF HISTORIC FEATURES OF EARLY TIMES
(PDF)

The old Red River Carts and their trails - Norman Kittson's first trail on the east side of the Red River through Polk County - its history and location, as mapped by Capt. Pope and described by others who traveled the route -  it crossed the Red Lake River west of Fisher - was the Treaty of 1863 held at the proper crossing? - the government expedition under Major Woods and Captain Pope to Pembina in 1849 - it followed the old Kittson Trail and crossed the Red Lake River at the old crossing, west of Fisher - they described the country now the west side of Polk County as good for wheat but not promising for corn - the treaties which bought the land from the Indians the "Old Crossing" treaty held at the new crossing of Red Lake River

 


EARLY HISTORICAL DATA AFTER 1850
(PDF)

First National Census - From 1850 To 1860 - Hudson's Bay Company Returns To Minnesota - Building of Fort Abercrombie - Creation of Polk Country


 


CROOKSTON AND ITS INSTITUTIONS
 
(PDF)
By JAMES A. CATHCART, SECRETARY OF THE COMMERCIAL CLUB.


Historical sketch - city buildings and other public improvements - the Commercial Club - the banks - Manufacturing industries - the city schools - other schools – lodges and other civic organizations - the Northwestern Minnesota Agricultural Association - hospitals, etc .

 


THE NEWSPAPERS OF POLK COUNTY
 
(PDF)
By W. E. McKENIE, CROOKSTON TIMES.


Newspaper conditions past and present - land notices paid the pioneer printers - E. M. Walsh and the Crookston Plaindealer - first paper was the Polk County Journal - Brown and his "Broadaxe" the tragic tale of the Northern Tier - the Crookston Chronicle -  the Fisher Bulletin - the papers of 1882 - Red Lake Falls Democrat and the Crookston Times first Democratic papers -  the M'Intosh times - Crookston Tribune - the Vestesheimen - the People's Press - other Polk County papers alive and dead


 


THE SCHOOLS OF POLK COUNTY
(PDF)
By N. A. THORSON.


Basis For School Development - The Coming of The County's Schools - County Schools In 1877 And In 1878 - First Public School Teacher, Luella May Thompson - Other Early Teachers - The County Superintendents - Reports of School Years From 1882 To 1908 - The Conditions In 1910 -  - Sources of  School Support - Apportionment - Statistics of State And Other Aids - Present Conditions of  Polk County School


 


THE CROOKSTON SCHOOL OF AGRICULTURE
 
(PDF)
By C. G. SELVIG
.

A Red River Valley institution - new building. Dedicated - death of Superintendent Wm. Robertson - the school's advancement and growth - moving years - school faculty - equipping a technical school - the school's growth - its work outside schoolroom doors


 


THE NORTHWEST SCHOOL OF AGRICULTURE AND EXPERIMENT STATION
 
(PDF)

By SUPERINTENDENT C. G. SELVIG.

Origin and early history - Securing the land for a site - Beginnings In 1895 - The soil at the station plans, outlined - The work of early years - Drainage Installed - Drainage work begun - A new administration - Experiments In Crop Production - Field Crop Work - The Horticultural  Division - Live Stock Departments, etc.


 


THE RISE AND FALL OF COLUMBIA COUNTY
(PDF)
By CHARLES L. CONGER.


Some proceedings of the board - Business done regularly and in order - defeat and disaster after all  - The new county fight of 1896 - The leaders of Columbia’s fight for existence


 


THE BANKING INTERESTS OF THE COUNTY
(PDF)

Sketches of some of the important and typical banks of Polk County - Crookston State Bank - The First National Bank of M'Intosh - The First National Bank of Crookston - Polk County State Bank - Scandia American Bank, Crookston - First State Bank of Fertile - First State Bank of East Grand Forks - State Bank of Eldred - The State Bank of Erskine - Farmers State Bank of Winger - First State Bank of Mentor - Citizens State Bank of Fertile - Farmers State Bank of Fertile - First National Bank of East Grand Forks - State Bank of Fisher - Farmers Mutual Insurance Company - First State Bank of Beltrami


 


BIOGRAPHICAL DEPARTMENT
(PDF)

Contains short biographical sketches. Not arranged alphabetically but there is a GENERAL INDEX (alphabetical)



 
 

 

 

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